We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different
ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number
of points each of their routes scores.
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation
strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of
its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres.
Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the
result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different
numbers and different rules.
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate
eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person
Find another number that is one short of a square number and when
you double it and add 1, the result is also a square number.
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems.
Can you discover its value in each problem?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the
four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which
route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more
than way to do it?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the
totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the
numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts
and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the
labels. Can you help relabel them?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and
lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children
buy with their money?
This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.
If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways
of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be