Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?