Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?