Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more
than way to do it?
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple
on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple
and the weights from the picture?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the
boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many
puzzles and books Santa left.
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?