Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Find another number that is one short of a square number and when you double it and add 1, the result is also a square number.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?