This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?