Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following `skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division sum.

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?