Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?

Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following `skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division sum.

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Imagine you were given the chance to win some money... and imagine you had nothing to lose...

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?