Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Amazing as it may seem the three fives remaining in the following `skeleton' are sufficient to reconstruct the entire long division sum.

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?