Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

The triangles in these sets are similar - can you work out the lengths of the sides which have question marks?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?