Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?