Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?
Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.
Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.