The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?
Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?