Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
A game that tests your understanding of remainders.
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.
What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?
Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.