Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?