Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

Visitors to Earth from the distant planet of Zub-Zorna were amazed when they found out that when the digits in this multiplication were reversed, the answer was the same! Find a way to explain. . . .

The number 10112359550561797752808988764044943820224719 is called a 'slippy number' because, when the last digit 9 is moved to the front, the new number produced is the slippy number multiplied by 9.

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

This task offers an opportunity to explore all sorts of number relationships, but particularly multiplication.

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

Does this 'trick' for calculating multiples of 11 always work? Why or why not?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

What is the remainder when 2^{164}is divided by 7?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

I'm thinking of a number. My number is both a multiple of 5 and a multiple of 6. What could my number be?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?