Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Each clue in this Sudoku is the product of the two numbers in adjacent cells.

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.