This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Find the smallest whole number which, when mutiplied by 7, gives a product consisting entirely of ones.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

This challenge is a game for two players. Choose two numbers from the grid and multiply or divide, then mark your answer on the number line. Can you get four in a row before your partner?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?