Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.
Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?
Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?
Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.
Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
This task offers an opportunity to explore all sorts of number relationships, but particularly multiplication.
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?
Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?
This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.
A 3 digit number is multiplied by a 2 digit number and the calculation is written out as shown with a digit in place of each of the *'s. Complete the whole multiplication sum.
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Your vessel, the Starship Diophantus, has become damaged in deep space. Can you use your knowledge of times tables and some lightning reflexes to survive?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?