Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.
In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
In this investigation, you are challenged to make mobile phone numbers which are easy to remember. What happens if you make a sequence adding 2 each time?
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.
This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.
Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?
This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.
An old game but lots of arithmetic!
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?