In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?
Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.
The Man is much smaller than us. Can you use the picture of him next to a mug to estimate his height and how much tea he drinks?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?
In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?
In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.
Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?
Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?