Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?
This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?
Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.
Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?
Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
Find another number that is one short of a square number and when you double it and add 1, the result is also a square number.
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.