Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Chandrika was practising a long distance run. Can you work out how long the race was from the information?

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Grandma found her pie balanced on the scale with two weights and a quarter of a pie. So how heavy was each pie?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

Annie and Ben are playing a game with a calculator. What was Annie's secret number?