Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Take the number 6 469 693 230 and divide it by the first ten prime numbers and you'll find the most beautiful, most magic of all numbers. What is it?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Annie and Ben are playing a game with a calculator. What was Annie's secret number?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?