Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

Annie and Ben are playing a game with a calculator. What was Annie's secret number?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

The Man is much smaller than us. Can you use the picture of him next to a mug to estimate his height and how much tea he drinks?

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Using the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 once and only once, and the operations x and ÷ once and only once, what is the smallest whole number you can make?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?