There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!
Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?
Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?
The triangles in these sets are similar - can you work out the lengths of the sides which have question marks?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?
On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?
Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.
There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.
Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?
Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?
Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?
All the girls would like a puzzle each for Christmas and all the boys would like a book each. Solve the riddle to find out how many puzzles and books Santa left.
Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
Annie and Ben are playing a game with a calculator. What was Annie's secret number?
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.