This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125. If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

How many starfish could there be on the beach, and how many children, if I can see 28 arms?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

In the multiplication calculation, some of the digits have been replaced by letters and others by asterisks. Can you reconstruct the original multiplication?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

How would you find out how many football cards Catrina has collected?

Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

This article for teachers describes how modelling number properties involving multiplication using an array of objects not only allows children to represent their thinking with concrete materials,. . . .

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?