In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

In this investigation, you are challenged to make mobile phone numbers which are easy to remember. What happens if you make a sequence adding 2 each time?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This article for teachers looks at how teachers can use problems from the NRICH site to help them teach division.

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

EWWNP means Exploring Wild and Wonderful Number Patterns Created by Yourself! Investigate what happens if we create number patterns using some simple rules.

Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Use this information to work out whether the front or back wheel of this bicycle gets more wear and tear.

Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Use this grid to shade the numbers in the way described. Which numbers do you have left? Do you know what they are called?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

There are four equal weights on one side of the scale and an apple on the other side. What can you say that is true about the apple and the weights from the picture?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

This problem is designed to help children to learn, and to use, the two and three times tables.

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

Look at what happens when you take a number, square it and subtract your answer. What kind of number do you get? Can you prove it?

After training hard, these two children have improved their results. Can you work out the length or height of their first jumps?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.