During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?

This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.

A lady has a steel rod and a wooden pole and she knows the length of each. How can she measure out an 8 unit piece of pole?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Which times on a digital clock have a line of symmetry? Which look the same upside-down? You might like to try this investigation and find out!

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.