During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?

This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.

Which times on a digital clock have a line of symmetry? Which look the same upside-down? You might like to try this investigation and find out!

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

A lady has a steel rod and a wooden pole and she knows the length of each. How can she measure out an 8 unit piece of pole?

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

You have four jugs of 9, 7, 4 and 2 litres capacity. The 9 litre jug is full of wine, the others are empty. Can you divide the wine into three equal quantities?

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Find out why these matrices are magic. Can you work out how they were made? Can you make your own Magic Matrix?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

I was looking at the number plate of a car parked outside. Using my special code S208VBJ adds to 65. Can you crack my code and use it to find out what both of these number plates add up to?