This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?

The letters in the following addition sum represent the digits 1 ... 9. If A=3 and D=2, what number is represented by "CAYLEY"?

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

Find the values of the nine letters in the sum: FOOT + BALL = GAME

The idea of this game is to add or subtract the two numbers on the dice and cover the result on the grid, trying to get a line of three. Are there some numbers that are good to aim for?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Ben has five coins in his pocket. How much money might he have?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?