Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

When I fold a 0-20 number line, I end up with 'stacks' of numbers on top of each other. These challenges involve varying the length of the number line and investigating the 'stack totals'.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

Ben has five coins in his pocket. How much money might he have?

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

A game for 2 players. Practises subtraction or other maths operations knowledge.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.