Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?

This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.

In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with digits so that the arithmetic is correct.

Crosses can be drawn on number grids of various sizes. What do you notice when you add opposite ends?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page...

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

This article explains how to make your own magic square to mark a special occasion with the special date of your choice on the top line.

Can you find six numbers to go in the Daisy from which you can make all the numbers from 1 to a number bigger than 25?

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.

There are exactly 3 ways to add 4 odd numbers to get 10. Find all the ways of adding 8 odd numbers to get 20. To be sure of getting all the solutions you will need to be systematic. What about. . . .

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

You have four jugs of 9, 7, 4 and 2 litres capacity. The 9 litre jug is full of wine, the others are empty. Can you divide the wine into three equal quantities?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the difference between these products. Why?

Complete these two jigsaws then put one on top of the other. What happens when you add the 'touching' numbers? What happens when you change the position of the jigsaws?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?