How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice?
How could you sort the cards?
Five numbers added together in pairs produce: 0, 2, 4, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15 What are the five numbers?
Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four
squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other
totals can you make?
Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.
If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order
to balance this equaliser?
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
This is an adding game for two players.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the
difference between the two numbers just below it.
Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number
using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?
Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your
calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add,
subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?
Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.
There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2
litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to
another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the
Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book.
How many pages does the book have?
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This
challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates
Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make
another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same
A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your
skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit
the target score.
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is
numerical, one geometric.
Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?
There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The
clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall
of the prison block. How did he do it?
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
If you take a three by three square on a 1-10 addition square and
multiply the diagonally opposite numbers together, what is the
difference between these products. Why?
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
A game for 2 players. Practises subtraction or other maths
Have a go at this game which involves throwing two dice and adding
their totals. Where should you place your counters to be more
likely to win?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?
Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99
How many ways can you do it?
Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?
Ben has five coins in his pocket. How much money might he have?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .
This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?
Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!