Start with four numbers at the corners of a square and put the total of two corners in the middle of that side. Keep going... Can you estimate what the size of the last four numbers will be?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

In this section from a calendar, put a square box around the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th. Add all the pairs of numbers. What do you notice about the answers?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make 141 414 turn around?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

Vera is shopping at a market with these coins in her purse. Which things could she give exactly the right amount for?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

Max and Mandy put their number lines together to make a graph. How far had each of them moved along and up from 0 to get the counter to the place marked?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Dotty Six game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have three sixes in a straight line?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Dotty Six is a simple dice game that you can adapt in many ways.

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?