Ann thought of 5 numbers and told Bob all the sums that could be made by adding the numbers in pairs. The list of sums is 6, 7, 8, 8, 9, 9, 10,10, 11, 12. Help Bob to find out which numbers Ann was. . . .
If you wrote all the possible four digit numbers made by using each of the digits 2, 4, 5, 7 once, what would they add up to?
There are exactly 3 ways to add 4 odd numbers to get 10. Find all the ways of adding 8 odd numbers to get 20. To be sure of getting all the solutions you will need to be systematic. What about. . . .
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.
When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?
This challenge is to make up YOUR OWN alphanumeric. Each letter represents a digit and where the same letter appears more than once it must represent the same digit each time.
Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .
How can we help students make sense of addition and subtraction of negative numbers?
A combination mechanism for a safe comprises thirty-two tumblers numbered from one to thirty-two in such a way that the numbers in each wheel total 132... Could you open the safe?
Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!
Dotty Six game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have three sixes in a straight line?
In this game the winner is the first to complete a row of three. Are some squares easier to land on than others?
The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?
Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?
Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to do. . . .
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
You have four jugs of 9, 7, 4 and 2 litres capacity. The 9 litre jug is full of wine, the others are empty. Can you divide the wine into three equal quantities?
How is it possible to predict the card?
Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.
Have a go at this game which involves throwing two dice and adding their totals. Where should you place your counters to be more likely to win?
Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.
Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?
In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with digits so that the arithmetic is correct.
Can you explain how this card trick works?
Can you follow the rule to decode the messages?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.
What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Arrange the numbers 1 to 16 into a 4 by 4 array. Choose a number. Cross out the numbers on the same row and column. Repeat this process. Add up you four numbers. Why do they always add up to 34?
Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.
Investigate the totals you get when adding numbers on the diagonal of this pattern in threes.
I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Mrs Morgan, the class's teacher, pinned numbers onto the backs of three children. Use the information to find out what the three numbers were.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Watch this animation. What do you notice? What happens when you try more or fewer cubes in a bundle?
A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.
Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?
This is an adding game for two players.
Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.