Ann thought of 5 numbers and told Bob all the sums that could be made by adding the numbers in pairs. The list of sums is 6, 7, 8, 8, 9, 9, 10,10, 11, 12. Help Bob to find out which numbers Ann was. . . .
There are exactly 3 ways to add 4 odd numbers to get 10. Find all the ways of adding 8 odd numbers to get 20. To be sure of getting all the solutions you will need to be systematic. What about. . . .
This Sudoku, based on differences. Using the one clue number can you find the solution?
Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?
If you wrote all the possible four digit numbers made by using each of the digits 2, 4, 5, 7 once, what would they add up to?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?
When I type a sequence of letters my calculator gives the product of all the numbers in the corresponding memories. What numbers should I store so that when I type 'ONE' it returns 1, and when I type. . . .
Whenever two chameleons of different colours meet they change colour to the third colour. Describe the shortest sequence of meetings in which all the chameleons change to green if you start with 12. . . .
How can we help students make sense of addition and subtraction of negative numbers?
A combination mechanism for a safe comprises thirty-two tumblers numbered from one to thirty-two in such a way that the numbers in each wheel total 132... Could you open the safe?
Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!
In this game the winner is the first to complete a row of three. Are some squares easier to land on than others?
Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.
The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?
Is it possible to rearrange the numbers 1,2......12 around a clock face in such a way that every two numbers in adjacent positions differ by any of 3, 4 or 5 hours?
Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to do. . . .
Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?
You have four jugs of 9, 7, 4 and 2 litres capacity. The 9 litre jug is full of wine, the others are empty. Can you divide the wine into three equal quantities?
How is it possible to predict the card?
Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?
Have a go at this game which involves throwing two dice and adding their totals. Where should you place your counters to be more likely to win?
In the following sum the letters A, B, C, D, E and F stand for six distinct digits. Find all the ways of replacing the letters with digits so that the arithmetic is correct.
This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.
Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.
Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.
Dotty Six is a simple dice game that you can adapt in many ways.
Can you explain how this card trick works?
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?
Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?
This article suggests some ways of making sense of calculations involving positive and negative numbers.
Dotty Six game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have three sixes in a straight line?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Can you follow the rule to decode the messages?
Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?
What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?
Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
Mrs Morgan, the class's teacher, pinned numbers onto the backs of three children. Use the information to find out what the three numbers were.
This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?
This is an adding game for two players.
Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?
Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?
I was looking at the number plate of a car parked outside. Using my special code S208VBJ adds to 65. Can you crack my code and use it to find out what both of these number plates add up to?
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?