On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the given totals?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Investigate the totals you get when adding numbers on the diagonal of this pattern in threes.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Max and Mandy put their number lines together to make a graph. How far had each of them moved along and up from 0 to get the counter to the place marked?

I was looking at the number plate of a car parked outside. Using my special code S208VBJ adds to 65. Can you crack my code and use it to find out what both of these number plates add up to?

Find out why these matrices are magic. Can you work out how they were made? Can you make your own Magic Matrix?

Find another number that is one short of a square number and when you double it and add 1, the result is also a square number.

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

A lady has a steel rod and a wooden pole and she knows the length of each. How can she measure out an 8 unit piece of pole?

Vera is shopping at a market with these coins in her purse. Which things could she give exactly the right amount for?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make 141 414 turn around?