On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

Can you arrange the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 into three 3-digit numbers such that their total is close to 1500?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the given totals?

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Generate large numbers then give the values of each digit.

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Vera is shopping at a market with these coins in her purse. Which things could she give exactly the right amount for?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?