Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?

Using some or all of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and using the digits 3, 3, 8 and 8 each once and only once make an expression equal to 24.

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

This challenge is to make up YOUR OWN alphanumeric. Each letter represents a digit and where the same letter appears more than once it must represent the same digit each time.

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the given totals?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Can you find different ways of creating paths using these paving slabs?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Mrs Morgan, the class's teacher, pinned numbers onto the backs of three children. Use the information to find out what the three numbers were.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

I was looking at the number plate of a car parked outside. Using my special code S208VBJ adds to 65. Can you crack my code and use it to find out what both of these number plates add up to?