Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding,
subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and
8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the
four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?
Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street
in different ways.
There are three baskets, a brown one, a red one and a pink one, holding a total of 10 eggs. Can you use the information given to find out how many eggs are in each basket?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate
eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person
Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so
that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as
Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and
diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American
Flag magic square.
Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner
numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres.
Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Woof is a big dog. Yap is a little dog.
Emma has 16 dog biscuits to give to the two dogs.
She gave Woof 4 more biscuits than Yap.
How many biscuits did each dog get?
There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more
than way to do it?
Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the
bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.
Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number
system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a
look at the multiplications table.
Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have
12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his
cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the
numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts
and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the
triangle adds to the same total.
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷)
to make these digits come to 100.
I was looking at the number plate of a car parked outside. Using my special code S208VBJ adds to 65. Can you crack my code and use it to find out what both of these number plates add up to?
Noah saw 12 legs walk by into the Ark. How many creatures did he see?
Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range
in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact
ages from the clues?
Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns
numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make
141 414 turn around?
Vera is shopping at a market with these coins in her purse. Which
things could she give exactly the right amount for?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!