During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?

This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

A lady has a steel rod and a wooden pole and she knows the length of each. How can she measure out an 8 unit piece of pole?

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Which times on a digital clock have a line of symmetry? Which look the same upside-down? You might like to try this investigation and find out!

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

If you have ten counters numbered 1 to 10, how many can you put into pairs that add to 10? Which ones do you have to leave out? Why?

Bernard Bagnall recommends some primary school problems which use numbers from the environment around us, from clocks to house numbers.

On Planet Plex, there are only 6 hours in the day. Can you answer these questions about how Arog the Alien spends his day?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

Ahmed is making rods using different numbers of cubes. Which rod is twice the length of his first rod?

This project challenges you to work out the number of cubes hidden under a cloth. What questions would you like to ask?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Use the number weights to find different ways of balancing the equaliser.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Use the 'double-3 down' dominoes to make a square so that each side has eight dots.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

In this section from a calendar, put a square box around the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th. Add all the pairs of numbers. What do you notice about the answers?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Make one big triangle so the numbers that touch on the small triangles add to 10. You could use the interactivity to help you.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Investigate this balance which is marked in halves. If you had a weight on the left-hand 7, where could you hang two weights on the right to make it balance?

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

Start with four numbers at the corners of a square and put the total of two corners in the middle of that side. Keep going... Can you estimate what the size of the last four numbers will be?

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?