Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?
How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?
On a farm there were some hens and sheep. Altogether there were 8 heads and 22 feet. How many hens were there?
Look on the back of any modern book and you will find an ISBN code. Take this code and calculate this sum in the way shown. Can you see what the answers always have in common?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
Number problems at primary level to work on with others.
There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?
I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?
Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Noah saw 12 legs walk by into the Ark. How many creatures did he see?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Use five steps to count forwards or backwards in 1s or 10s to get to 50. What strategies did you use?
At the beginning of May Tom put his tomato plant outside. On the same day he sowed a bean in another pot. When will the two be the same height?
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?
This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?
There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.
Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.
Are these domino games fair? Can you explain why or why not?
In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?
How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.
If you had any number of ordinary dice, what are the possible ways of making their totals 6? What would the product of the dice be each time?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.
This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.
If you hang two weights on one side of this balance, in how many different ways can you hang three weights on the other side for it to be balanced?
Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.
Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?
What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.
This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?
Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?