This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, involves open-topped boxes made with interlocking cubes. Explore the number of units of paint that are needed to cover the boxes. . . .

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the way described?

Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?

You have two egg timers. One takes 4 minutes exactly to empty and the other takes 7 minutes. What times in whole minutes can you measure and how?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

Place the numbers 1 to 6 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall of the prison block. How did he do it?

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

Can you make a train the same length as Laura's but using three differently coloured rods? Is there only one way of doing it?

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

This dice train has been made using specific rules. How many different trains can you make?

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

If you hang two weights on one side of this balance, in how many different ways can you hang three weights on the other side for it to be balanced?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Cherri, Saxon, Mel and Paul are friends. They are all different ages. Can you find out the age of each friend using the information?