The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the given totals?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

How many starfish could there be on the beach, and how many children, if I can see 28 arms?

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Sam got into an elevator. He went down five floors, up six floors, down seven floors, then got out on the second floor. On what floor did he get on?

Woof is a big dog. Yap is a little dog. Emma has 16 dog biscuits to give to the two dogs. She gave Woof 4 more biscuits than Yap. How many biscuits did each dog get?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make 141 414 turn around?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Try out this number trick. What happens with different starting numbers? What do you notice?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Mrs Morgan, the class's teacher, pinned numbers onto the backs of three children. Use the information to find out what the three numbers were.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?

Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?