In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

Dotty Six is a simple dice game that you can adapt in many ways.

Dotty Six game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have three sixes in a straight line?

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

Can you use the numbers on the dice to reach your end of the number line before your partner beats you?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

In your bank, you have three types of coins. The number of spots shows how much they are worth. Can you choose coins to exchange with the groups given to make the same total?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

Use the interactivities to fill in these Carroll diagrams. How do you know where to place the numbers?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Choose four of the numbers from 1 to 9 to put in the squares so that the differences between joined squares are odd.

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

A game for 2 or more players. Practise your addition and subtraction with the aid of a game board and some dried peas!

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

A game for 2 players. Practises subtraction or other maths operations knowledge.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

Have a go at this game which involves throwing two dice and adding their totals. Where should you place your counters to be more likely to win?

Use the number weights to find different ways of balancing the equaliser.

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

Can you hang weights in the right place to make the equaliser balance?

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

In this game for two players, the aim is to make a row of four coins which total one dollar.

Use five steps to count forwards or backwards in 1s or 10s to get to 50. What strategies did you use?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

If you have ten counters numbered 1 to 10, how many can you put into pairs that add to 10? Which ones do you have to leave out? Why?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?