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Resources tagged with Addition & subtraction similar to An Introduction to Magic Squares:

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Broad Topics > Calculations and Numerical Methods > Addition & subtraction

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An Introduction to Magic Squares

Stage: 1, 2, 3 and 4

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

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What Was in the Box?

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This big box adds something to any number that goes into it. If you know the numbers that come out, what addition might be going on in the box?

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Cubes Within Cubes

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

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Always, Sometimes or Never? KS1

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Are these statements relating to calculation and properties of shapes always true, sometimes true or never true?

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Make 37

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

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Sheep Talk

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

In sheep talk the only letters used are B and A. A sequence of words is formed by following certain rules. What do you notice when you count the letters in each word?

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I'm Eight

Stage: 1, 2, 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

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Always, Sometimes or Never? Number

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

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Got it Article

Stage: 2 and 3

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

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Number Juggle

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

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Number Round Up

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Arrange the numbers 1 to 6 in each set of circles below. The sum of each side of the triangle should equal the number in its centre.

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Up and Down

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Sam got into an elevator. He went down five floors, up six floors, down seven floors, then got out on the second floor. On what floor did he get on?

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The Amazing Splitting Plant

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?

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The Tall Tower

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

As you come down the ladders of the Tall Tower you collect useful spells. Which way should you go to collect the most spells?

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Here to There 1 2 3

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?

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Magic Squares 4x4

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

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Countdown

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

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Sort Them Out (1)

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

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Arranging the Tables

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using all 15 tables, with no empty places.

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Planet Plex Time

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

On Planet Plex, there are only 6 hours in the day. Can you answer these questions about how Arog the Alien spends his day?

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2,4,6,8

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Using the cards 2, 4, 6, 8, +, - and =, what number statements can you make?

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Secret Number

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Annie and Ben are playing a game with a calculator. What was Annie's secret number?

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Strike it Out

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

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Spiders and Flies

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

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Magic Squares 3x3

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 15.

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Magic Vs

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

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Big Dog, Little Dog

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Woof is a big dog. Yap is a little dog. Emma has 16 dog biscuits to give to the two dogs. She gave Woof 4 more biscuits than Yap. How many biscuits did each dog get?

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Mrs Beeswax

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

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Pass the Peas, Please

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

A game for 2 or more players. Practise your addition and subtraction with the aid of a game board and some dried peas!

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Open Squares

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

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Rabbits in the Pen

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

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Brothers and Sisters

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

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Dart Target

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

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Magic Triangle

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

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Noah

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Noah saw 12 legs walk by into the Ark. How many creatures did he see?

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Pouring the Punch Drink

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

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Number Differences

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

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Domino Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

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The Clockmaker's Birthday Cake

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

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Caterpillars

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

These caterpillars have 16 parts. What different shapes do they make if each part lies in the small squares of a 4 by 4 square?

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Adding Plus

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

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A Numbered Route

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

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The Tomato and the Bean

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

At the beginning of May Tom put his tomato plant outside. On the same day he sowed a bean in another pot. When will the two be the same height?

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A-magical Number Maze

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

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Polo Square

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

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Double or Halve?

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?

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Cows and Sheep

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

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Twizzle's Journey

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

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Dicey Addition

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Who said that adding couldn't be fun?

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Zargon Glasses

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to make all the different orders for 9 families?