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Resources tagged with Addition & subtraction similar to Birthday Cakes:

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Broad Topics > Calculations and Numerical Methods > Addition & subtraction

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Double or Halve?

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Throw the dice and decide whether to double or halve the number. Will you be the first to reach the target?

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Mrs Beeswax

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

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Sort Them Out (2)

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

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Even and Odd

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This activity is best done with a whole class or in a large group. Can you match the cards? What happens when you add pairs of the numbers together?

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The Amazing Splitting Plant

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?

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Up and Down

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Sam got into an elevator. He went down five floors, up six floors, down seven floors, then got out on the second floor. On what floor did he get on?

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Tug of War

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you use the numbers on the dice to reach your end of the number line before your partner beats you?

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Which Symbol?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Choose a symbol to put into the number sentence.

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Ring a Ring of Numbers

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Choose four of the numbers from 1 to 9 to put in the squares so that the differences between joined squares are odd.

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Carroll Diagrams

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Use the interactivities to fill in these Carroll diagrams. How do you know where to place the numbers?

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The Tomato and the Bean

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

At the beginning of May Tom put his tomato plant outside. On the same day he sowed a bean in another pot. When will the two be the same height?

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Caterpillars

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

These caterpillars have 16 parts. What different shapes do they make if each part lies in the small squares of a 4 by 4 square?

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Magic Squares 3x3

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 15.

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Here to There 1 2 3

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?

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Claire's Counting Cards

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Claire thinks she has the most sports cards in her album. "I have 12 pages with 2 cards on each page", says Claire. Ross counts his cards. "No! I have 3 cards on each of my pages and there are. . . .

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A Square of Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

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Five Steps to 50

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Use five steps to count forwards or backwards in 1s or 10s to get to 50. What strategies did you use?

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Spiders and Flies

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

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Big Dog, Little Dog

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Woof is a big dog. Yap is a little dog. Emma has 16 dog biscuits to give to the two dogs. She gave Woof 4 more biscuits than Yap. How many biscuits did each dog get?

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Being Resourceful - Primary Number

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

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I'm Eight

Stage: 1, 2, 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

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Fair Exchange

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

In your bank, you have three types of coins. The number of spots shows how much they are worth. Can you choose coins to exchange with the groups given to make the same total?

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Nice or Nasty for Two

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

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Making Trains

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you make a train the same length as Laura's but using three differently coloured rods? Is there only one way of doing it?

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A Numbered Route

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

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Making Maths: Double-sided Magic Square

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

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Always, Sometimes or Never? KS1

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Are these statements relating to calculation and properties of shapes always true, sometimes true or never true?

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Carrying Cards

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

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Number Differences

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

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More Carroll Diagrams

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

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Homes

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

There are to be 6 homes built on a new development site. They could be semi-detached, detached or terraced houses. How many different combinations of these can you find?

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Robot Monsters

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Use these head, body and leg pieces to make Robot Monsters which are different heights.

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Got it for Two

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

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Tug Harder!

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

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Page Numbers

Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

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Neighbours

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

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Shapes in a Grid

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

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Follow the Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

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Journeys in Numberland

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

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First Connect Three for Two

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

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How Do You Do It?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

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Worms

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

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All Seated

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

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One Million to Seven

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

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How Much Did it Cost?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.

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The Puzzling Sweet Shop

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

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Twizzle's Journey

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

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Prompt Cards

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

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Scoring with Dice

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

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Street Sequences

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.