In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to do. . . .

Susie took cherries out of a bowl by following a certain pattern. How many cherries had there been in the bowl to start with if she was left with 14 single ones?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make 141 414 turn around?

In sheep talk the only letters used are B and A. A sequence of words is formed by following certain rules. What do you notice when you count the letters in each word?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

Find out why these matrices are magic. Can you work out how they were made? Can you make your own Magic Matrix?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

Max and Mandy put their number lines together to make a graph. How far had each of them moved along and up from 0 to get the counter to the place marked?

Find out about Magic Squares in this article written for students. Why are they magic?!

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

A lady has a steel rod and a wooden pole and she knows the length of each. How can she measure out an 8 unit piece of pole?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

Are these statements relating to calculation and properties of shapes always true, sometimes true or never true?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the given totals?

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Fancy a game of cricket? Here is a mathematical version you can play indoors without breaking any windows.

Using the 8 dominoes make a square where each of the columns and rows adds up to 8

In this problem you have to place four by four magic squares on the faces of a cube so that along each edge of the cube the numbers match.

Number problems at primary level that may require resilience.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

What happens when you add three numbers together? Will your answer be odd or even? How do you know?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

These caterpillars have 16 parts. What different shapes do they make if each part lies in the small squares of a 4 by 4 square?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?