The problem is how did Archimedes calculate the lengths of the sides of the polygons which needed him to be able to calculate square roots?

The squares of any 8 consecutive numbers can be arranged into two sets of four numbers with the same sum. True of false?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

However did we manage before calculators? Is there an efficient way to do a square root if you have to do the work yourself?

Find the five distinct digits N, R, I, C and H in the following nomogram

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Find the polynomial p(x) with integer coefficients such that one solution of the equation p(x)=0 is $1+\sqrt 2+\sqrt 3$.

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

Cut off three right angled isosceles triangles to produce a pentagon. With two lines, cut the pentagon into three parts which can be rearranged into another square.

What fractions can you find between the square roots of 65 and 67?

What does this number mean ? Which order of 1, 2, 3 and 4 makes the highest value ? Which makes the lowest ?

Have you seen this way of doing multiplication ?

Is it true that $99^n$ has 2n digits and $999^n$ has 3n digits? Investigate!

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

In this twist on the well-known Countdown numbers game, use your knowledge of Powers and Roots to make a target.

Photocopiers can reduce from A3 to A4 without distorting the image. Explore the relationships between different paper sizes that make this possible.

How many ways are there to count 1 - 2 - 3 in the array of triangular numbers? What happens with larger arrays? Can you predict for any size array?

Ask a friend to choose a number between 1 and 63. By identifying which of the six cards contains the number they are thinking of it is easy to tell them what the number is.

The scale on a piano does something clever : the ratio (interval) between any adjacent points on the scale is equal. If you play any note, twelve points higher will be exactly an octave on.

Investigate $1^n + 19^n + 20^n + 51^n + 57^n + 80^n + 82^n $ and $2^n + 12^n + 31^n + 40^n + 69^n + 71^n + 85^n$ for different values of n.

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

Mr Smith and Mr Jones are two maths teachers. By asking questions, the answers to which may be right or wrong, Mr Jones is able to find the number of the house Mr Smith lives in... Or not!

Find integer solutions to: $\sqrt{a+b\sqrt{x}} + \sqrt{c+d.\sqrt{x}}=1$

What is the largest number you can make using the three digits 2, 3 and 4 in any way you like, using any operations you like? You can only use each digit once.

What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?