What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?
These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.
Arrange your fences to make the largest rectangular space you can. Try with four fences, then five, then six etc.
What shape has Harry drawn on this clock face? Can you find its area? What is the largest number of square tiles that could cover this area?
What is the total area of the four outside triangles which are outlined in red in this arrangement of squares inside each other?
Choose a box and work out the smallest rectangle of paper needed to wrap it so that it is completely covered.
What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?
What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?
Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.
What is the largest 'ribbon square' you can make? And the smallest? How many different squares can you make altogether?
Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?
What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
This practical challenge invites you to investigate the different squares you can make on a square geoboard or pegboard.
Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?
Explore this interactivity and see if you can work out what it does. Could you use it to estimate the area of a shape?
These rectangles have been torn. How many squares did each one have inside it before it was ripped?
A thoughtful shepherd used bales of straw to protect the area around his lambs. Explore how you can arrange the bales.
In this game for two players, you throw two dice and find the product. How many shapes can you draw on the grid which have that area or perimeter?
Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5 grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?
How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square tiles of different sizes?
Can you draw a square in which the perimeter is numerically equal to the area?
My local DIY shop calculates the price of its windows according to the area of glass and the length of frame used. Can you work out how they arrived at these prices?
Investigate the area of 'slices' cut off this cube of cheese. What would happen if you had different-sized block of cheese to start with?
This article for teachers gives some food for thought when teaching ideas about area.
If I use 12 green tiles to represent my lawn, how many different ways could I arrange them? How many border tiles would I need each time?
This rectangle is cut into five pieces which fit exactly into a triangular outline and also into a square outline where the triangle, the rectangle and the square have equal areas.
Here are many ideas for you to investigate - all linked with the number 2000.
Seven small rectangular pictures have one inch wide frames. The frames are removed and the pictures are fitted together like a jigsaw to make a rectangle of length 12 inches. Find the dimensions of. . . .
How many tiles do we need to tile these patios?
These pictures were made by starting with a square, finding the half-way point on each side and joining those points up. You could investigate your own starting shape.
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.
Look at the mathematics that is all around us - this circular window is a wonderful example.
It is possible to dissect any square into smaller squares. What is the minimum number of squares a 13 by 13 square can be dissected into?
A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.
A simple visual exploration into halving and doubling.
Use the information on these cards to draw the shape that is being described.
In how many ways can you halve a piece of A4 paper? How do you know they are halves?
Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?
Have a good look at these images. Can you describe what is happening? There are plenty more images like this on NRICH's Exploring Squares CD.
I cut this square into two different shapes. What can you say about the relationship between them?
Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?
Read about David Hilbert who proved that any polygon could be cut up into a certain number of pieces that could be put back together to form any other polygon of equal area.
If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?
Grandpa was measuring a rug using yards, feet and inches. Can you help William to work out its area?
Explore one of these five pictures.
How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?
You can move the 4 pieces of the jigsaw and fit them into both outlines. Explain what has happened to the missing one unit of area.
Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle now. . . .
How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?