Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg in a square hole?

Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.

Determine the total shaded area of the 'kissing triangles'.

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

At the corner of the cube circular arcs are drawn and the area enclosed shaded. What fraction of the surface area of the cube is shaded? Try working out the answer without recourse to pencil and. . . .

Investigate how this pattern of squares continues. You could measure lengths, areas and angles.

A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

What fractions of the largest circle are the two shaded regions?

A circle with the radius of 2.2 centimetres is drawn touching the sides of a square. What area of the square is NOT covered by the circle?

What is the shape and dimensions of a box that will contain six cups and have as small a surface area as possible.

A tower of squares is built inside a right angled isosceles triangle. The largest square stands on the hypotenuse. What fraction of the area of the triangle is covered by the series of squares?

This article, written for teachers, discusses the merits of different kinds of resources: those which involve exploration and those which centre on calculation.

You have a 12 by 9 foot carpet with an 8 by 1 foot hole exactly in the middle. Cut the carpet into two pieces to make a 10 by 10 foot square carpet.

An activity for high-attaining learners which involves making a new cylinder from a cardboard tube.

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle ABCD. A circle passing through points ABCD carves out four crescent-shaped regions. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to. . . .

How can you change the area of a shape but keep its perimeter the same? How can you change the perimeter but keep the area the same?

Follow the instructions and you can take a rectangle, cut it into 4 pieces, discard two small triangles, put together the remaining two pieces and end up with a rectangle the same size. Try it!

Can you work out the area of the inner square and give an explanation of how you did it?

Bluey-green, white and transparent squares with a few odd bits of shapes around the perimeter. But, how many squares are there of each type in the complete circle? Study the picture and make. . . .

Make an eight by eight square, the layout is the same as a chessboard. You can print out and use the square below. What is the area of the square? Divide the square in the way shown by the red dashed. . . .

A hallway floor is tiled and each tile is one foot square. Given that the number of tiles around the perimeter is EXACTLY half the total number of tiles, find the possible dimensions of the hallway.

A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.

What happens to the area and volume of 2D and 3D shapes when you enlarge them?

How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?

You have pitched your tent (the red triangle) on an island. Can you move it to the position shown by the purple triangle making sure you obey the rules?

Investigate the different ways of cutting a perfectly circular pie into equal pieces using exactly 3 cuts. The cuts have to be along chords of the circle (which might be diameters).

It is possible to dissect any square into smaller squares. What is the minimum number of squares a 13 by 13 square can be dissected into?

How would you move the bands on the pegboard to alter these shapes?

This article for teachers gives some food for thought when teaching ideas about area.

Have a good look at these images. Can you describe what is happening? There are plenty more images like this on NRICH's Exploring Squares CD.

What is the total area of the four outside triangles which are outlined in red in this arrangement of squares inside each other?

Look at the mathematics that is all around us - this circular window is a wonderful example.

Identical squares of side one unit contain some circles shaded blue. In which of the four examples is the shaded area greatest?

Is it possible to remove ten unit cubes from a 3 by 3 by 3 cube made from 27 unit cubes so that the surface area of the remaining solid is the same as the surface area of the original 3 by 3 by 3. . . .

You can move the 4 pieces of the jigsaw and fit them into both outlines. Explain what has happened to the missing one unit of area.

I'm thinking of a rectangle with an area of 24. What could its perimeter be?

Grandpa was measuring a rug using yards, feet and inches. Can you help William to work out its area?

Seven small rectangular pictures have one inch wide frames. The frames are removed and the pictures are fitted together like a jigsaw to make a rectangle of length 12 inches. Find the dimensions of. . . .

This rectangle is cut into five pieces which fit exactly into a triangular outline and also into a square outline where the triangle, the rectangle and the square have equal areas.

Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle now. . . .

Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.

Use the information on these cards to draw the shape that is being described.

Imagine different shaped vessels being filled. Can you work out what the graphs of the water level should look like?

Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.