Have you ever noticed how mathematical ideas are often used in patterns that we see all around us? This article describes the life of Escher who was a passionate believer that maths and art can be. . . .
How many different transformations can you find made up from combinations of R, S and their inverses? Can you be sure that you have found them all?
What happens to these capital letters when they are rotated through one half turn, or flipped sideways and from top to bottom?
Does changing the order of transformations always/sometimes/never produce the same transformation?
See the effects of some combined transformations on a shape. Can you describe what the individual transformations do?
Sort the frieze patterns into seven pairs according to the way in which the motif is repeated.
This article looks at the importance in mathematics of representing places and spaces mathematics. Many famous mathematicians have spent time working on problems that involve moving and mapping. . . .
Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.
An introduction to groups using transformations, following on from the October 2006 Stage 3 problems.
Jenny Murray describes the mathematical processes behind making patchwork in this article for students.
A gallery of beautiful photos of cast ironwork friezes in Australia with a mathematical discussion of the classification of frieze patterns.
Patterns that repeat in a line are strangely interesting. How many types are there and how do you tell one type from another?
Why not challenge a friend to play this transformation game?
Explore the effect of reflecting in two intersecting mirror lines.
How many differently shaped rectangles can you build using these equilateral and isosceles triangles? Can you make a square?
Experimenting with variables and friezes.
Show how this pentagonal tile can be used to tile the plane and describe the transformations which map this pentagon to its images in the tiling.
Find out how we can describe the "symmetries" of this triangle and investigate some combinations of rotating and flipping it.
This problem is based on the idea of building patterns using transformations.
Proofs that there are only seven frieze patterns involve complicated group theory. The symmetries of a cylinder provide an easier approach.
These grids are filled according to some rules - can you complete them?
Explore the effect of combining enlargements.
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the rocket?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this goat and giraffe?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Ming?
Blue Flibbins are so jealous of their red partners that they will not leave them on their own with any other bue Flibbin. What is the quickest way of getting the five pairs of Flibbins safely to. . . .
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Mai Ling?
Can you use the interactive to complete the tangrams in the shape of butterflies?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of these rabbits?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the chairs?
NRICH December 2006 advent calendar - a new tangram for each day in the run-up to Christmas.
Triangles are formed by joining the vertices of a skeletal cube. How many different types of triangle are there? How many triangles altogether?
Draw all the possible distinct triangles on a 4 x 4 dotty grid. Convince me that you have all possible triangles.
A cylindrical helix is just a spiral on a cylinder, like an ordinary spring or the thread on a bolt. If I turn a left-handed helix over (top to bottom) does it become a right handed helix?
Can you dissect a square into: 4, 7, 10, 13... other squares? 6, 9, 12, 15... other squares? 8, 11, 14... other squares?
Investigate how the four L-shapes fit together to make an enlarged L-shape. You could explore this idea with other shapes too.
Find a way to cut a 4 by 4 square into only two pieces, then rejoin the two pieces to make an L shape 6 units high.
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Fung at the table?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Ming playing the board game?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this brazier for roasting chestnuts?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these people?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the child walking home from school?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these clocks?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this telephone?
Here is a solitaire type environment for you to experiment with. Which targets can you reach?
This was a problem for our birthday website. Can you use four of these pieces to form a square? How about making a square with all five pieces?
Can you make the most extraordinary, the most amazing, the most unusual patterns/designs from these triangles which are made in a special way?
Cut a square of paper into three pieces as shown. Now,can you use the 3 pieces to make a large triangle, a parallelogram and the square again?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the silhouette of the junk?
What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?