Does changing the order of transformations always/sometimes/never produce the same transformation?
See the effects of some combined transformations on a shape. Can you describe what the individual transformations do?
What happens to these capital letters when they are rotated through one half turn, or flipped sideways and from top to bottom?
Patterns that repeat in a line are strangely interesting. How many types are there and how do you tell one type from another?
How many different transformations can you find made up from combinations of R, S and their inverses? Can you be sure that you have found them all?
A gallery of beautiful photos of cast ironwork friezes in Australia with a mathematical discussion of the classification of frieze patterns.
Sort the frieze patterns into seven pairs according to the way in which the motif is repeated.
Experimenting with variables and friezes.
Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.
This article looks at the importance in mathematics of representing places and spaces mathematics. Many famous mathematicians have spent time working on problems that involve moving and mapping. . . .
Jenny Murray describes the mathematical processes behind making patchwork in this article for students.
An introduction to groups using transformations, following on from the October 2006 Stage 3 problems.
This problem is based on the idea of building patterns using transformations.
Have you ever noticed how mathematical ideas are often used in patterns that we see all around us? This article describes the life of Escher who was a passionate believer that maths and art can be. . . .
Proofs that there are only seven frieze patterns involve complicated group theory. The symmetries of a cylinder provide an easier approach.
Why not challenge a friend to play this transformation game?
Explore the effect of reflecting in two intersecting mirror lines.
How many differently shaped rectangles can you build using these equilateral and isosceles triangles? Can you make a square?
Find out how we can describe the "symmetries" of this triangle and investigate some combinations of rotating and flipping it.
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the chairs?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of these rabbits?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this goat and giraffe?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Mai Ling?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Ming?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the rocket?
Draw all the possible distinct triangles on a 4 x 4 dotty grid. Convince me that you have all possible triangles.
Investigate how the four L-shapes fit together to make an enlarged L-shape. You could explore this idea with other shapes too.
These grids are filled according to some rules - can you complete them?
Can you use the interactive to complete the tangrams in the shape of butterflies?
A cylindrical helix is just a spiral on a cylinder, like an ordinary spring or the thread on a bolt. If I turn a left-handed helix over (top to bottom) does it become a right handed helix?
Blue Flibbins are so jealous of their red partners that they will not leave them on their own with any other bue Flibbin. What is the quickest way of getting the five pairs of Flibbins safely to. . . .
Can you logically construct these silhouettes using the tangram pieces?
Triangles are formed by joining the vertices of a skeletal cube. How many different types of triangle are there? How many triangles altogether?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Wai Ping, Wah Ming and Chi Wing?
NRICH December 2006 advent calendar - a new tangram for each day in the run-up to Christmas.
Can you cut up a square in the way shown and make the pieces into a triangle?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Ming playing the board game?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this telephone?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Fung at the table?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this brazier for roasting chestnuts?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these clocks?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these people?
Here is a solitaire type environment for you to experiment with. Which targets can you reach?
What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?
This was a problem for our birthday website. Can you use four of these pieces to form a square? How about making a square with all five pieces?
Can you make the most extraordinary, the most amazing, the most unusual patterns/designs from these triangles which are made in a special way?
Cut a square of paper into three pieces as shown. Now,can you use the 3 pieces to make a large triangle, a parallelogram and the square again?
Explore the effect of combining enlargements.
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the silhouette of the junk?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Granma T?