A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find
the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the
first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and
once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of
the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .
Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is
multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square
Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect
cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh
Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .
Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in
different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and
10101 are composite in any base.
Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?
Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface
area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you
find them all?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?
115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?
The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What
are the values of A and B?
Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.
Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.
Find the largest integer which divides every member of the
following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.
How many noughts are at the end of these giant numbers?
Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more
factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture
Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?
Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?
Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...
Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their
What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587,
3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with
the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50
times. What is the value of the digit M?
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the
divisors is 331776.
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
Have you seen this way of doing multiplication ?
Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the
circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are
Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?
How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2
or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?
Each letter represents a different positive digit
AHHAAH / JOKE = HA
What are the values of each of the letters?
What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 =
Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.
A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT
divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a
factor of 9261000. What is N?
A collection of resources to support work on Factors and Multiples at Secondary level.