When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and 10101 are composite in any base.

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

Have you seen this way of doing multiplication ?

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

I'm thinking of a number. My number is both a multiple of 5 and a multiple of 6. What could my number be?

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

How many noughts are at the end of these giant numbers?

Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Can you find any two-digit numbers that satisfy all of these statements?

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?